Scalemodel of a straight tusked
elephant (Elephas antiquus)

Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece.

This model stands approx. 100 cm high at the shoulders and this makes the scale approx. 1:3,5.


Approx. 3 months

In this model we tried to show the massive and heavy body of this kind of elephant. If you comparer these bones with a Mammuthus primigenius (wholly mammoth) than you will see that the bones are 40-50% heavier.

The rise of the mammals, M. J. Benton PH.D.
Leven in de oertijd, Spinar, Burian
prehistoric Mammals, A. Turner & Mauricio Anton
The Big Cats and theyr fossil relativers, A. Turner & Mauricio Anton
De grote encyclopedie van de mens, J. Jelinek
Neushoorn in het nauw, Edmond en Chrysee Bradley Martin
Mammal evolution, Savage & Long
Journey through the Ice Age, Paul G. Bahn
De oermens, Door F. Clark Howell
Evolving eden, Alan Turner & Mauricio Anton
Mammoths, sabertooths and homonids, Alan Turner & Mauricio Anton
Grosse tieranatomie, Gottfried Bammes
Kleine encyclopedie van leven in het Pleistoceen, D.Mol, J de Vos.
Pictures and measurements of the bones of these animals.