Ursus spelaeus
(Rosenmüller, 1794)

A travelling exhabition made by the Reiss-Engelhorn-Stiftung.

The mother bear is 110 cm at the shoulders and the standing cub is 130 cm high.


12 weeks

For the information about the fur and colouration of this fur I used cave paintings. I strongly feel that the people that made these paintings did have a good look at the animals they knew fron there day to day life . These images are used on the cave walls. I see no reason why they wanted to alter the apperance of the animals when they dipict them. Especially if they did not have a idea that in other time,and places, the animals looked different.

Also in this case the scientific guidance is done by Mr. Dick Mol.
I used a skull cst made by BoneClones,
Animal anatomy for artists - E. Goldfinger,
Grosse tieranatomie - Gottfried Bammes,
Der Høhlenbar - door G.Rabeder/D. Nagel en M. Pacher,
Kleine encyclopedie - D.Mol, j. E Vos, R.Bakker ea,
Bears - Erwin A. Bauer,
Bear - Doug Lindstarnd,
Bears - Matthias Breiter,
Les Ours - Kiki Marmori,
De beer - Anderas Kieling,
Mountain Bears - Wayne Lynch,
Portraits D’Ours - Jill Greenberg,
Journey through the Ice Age - Paul G. Bahn,
De grot Chauvet - J Chauvet, E. Brunel ea,
Return to Chauvet cave - J Clottes.
National geographic artikles,
Internet data and own studies of bones and casts.